Monthly Archives: June 2018

What is C

What is C

What is C

Here, you will study about What is C language

C is a programming language developed at At & T’s Bell Laboratories of USA in 1972. It was designed and written by a man named Dennis Rtchie. In the late seventies C began to replace the more familiar languages of that time like PL’I, ALGOL, etc. No one pushed C, It wasn’t made the ‘official’ Bell Labs language. Thus, without any advertisement, C’s reputation spread and its pool of users grew. Ritchie seems to have been rather surprised that so many programmers preferred C to older Languages like FORTRAN or PL/I, or the newer ones like Pascal and APL. But that’s what happened. Related image

Possibly why C seems so popular is because it is reliable, simple and easy to use. Moreover, in an industry where newer languages, tools and technologies emerge and vanish day  in and day out, a language that has survived for more that three decades has to be really good.

An opinion that is often heard today is–”C has been already superseded by languages like C++, C# and java, so why bother to learn C today”. I seriously beg to differ with this opinion. There are several reasons for this. These are as follows:

Computer Basic Concepts

Computer Basic Concepts

Computer Basic Concepts

Learning Computer Basic is now become very easy, what you have to do is to learn through practically. as we know Computer Basic Concepts are common to learn. we should have these basic concepts knowledge before we start learning computer course. So, here is the fundamental or Basic Concepts of Computer are discussed below.

INTRODUCTION

Computers have made great inroads in our everyday life and thinking. They are put to use for all sorts of applications ranging from complex calculations in the field or front line research, engineering simulations down to teaching, printing books and recreational games. The ease with which computers can process data, store and retrieve it painlessly have made them inevitable in office and business environments. The areas of applications of computers are confined only by limitations on human creativity and imagination. In fact, any task, that can be carried out systematically, can be performed by a computer. Therefore, it is essential for every educated person today to know about computer, its strengths, its weaknesses and its internal structure. And that is what we are going to explain in this going to explain in this chapter.

WHAT IS A COMPUTER?

DEF – A computer is an electronic device that can perform a variety of operations in accordance with a set of instructions called program.

Computer can access and process data millions of times faster than humans can. A computer can store data and information in its memory, process them and produce the desired results. Computers can do a lot of different tasks such as playing games, railway reservation, weather forecasting, error detection and controlling the flight of a space aircraft etc.

A computer is used essentially as a data processor. The terms data and information are very commonly used. You must clearly understand the difference between the two.

Data – Data in computer terminology mean raw facts and figures. For example “Mohan’ 1977, ‘A’, – 162.19, + 75.2 are data. Data are processed to form information.

Information – It means what we get after processing data (meaningful data). Data are aggregated and summarized in various meaningful ways to form information. For example ‘Mohan, whose roll number is 1977, has got grade A’ is an information as it is conveying some meaning.

Functioning of a Computer

As you know that a computer is an electronic device that can perform a variety of operations accordance with a set of instruction called program. In this section, we shall discuss the functioning of computer. But before we start discussing the functioning of a computer, let us understand the way we function.

To understand this, we will take some examples.

  1. Consider a case when your mother asks you to bring a cake and pastries for a party from the market. You go to the market, purchase both the things and give it to your mother.
  2. You want to talk to one of your friends. His phone number is 7455165. So you dial up the number and speak to your friend.
  • Your mom has to make tea. So she takes some things (ingredients) i.e. ¾ cup of water ½ teaspoon tealeaves, ½ teaspoon sugar and ½ cup of milk. She makes the tea by following certain steps like boiling water, adding tealeaves sugar and milk Finally you get prepared tea.

These examples illustrate the way we human beings function. Consider all the three examples. There are certain things common in them. In all the examples certain things were needed to work upon, the actual work was then carried out accordingly and finally the result was obtained. Following table 1.1 explains it.

 

Table 1.1. Input, Process and Output in the tasks performed

INPUT PROCESS OUTPUT
 

 

Example 1

Thing(s) to work upon

 

Mummy’s order of purchasing cake and pastries.

 

The actual work taking place

Going to bazaar and purchasing.

The Result

 

Purchased cake and pastries.

Example 2 Your desire to make a phone call at number 7455165. Making phone call. Chat with your friend.
Example 3 Making a cup of tea with given ingredients The process if making tea. Prepared tea.

 

All the examples undergo these three stages. The first stage (things to work upon) is called input stage. The second stage (the actual work being performed) is called process stage and the third stage (the result) is called output stage. Certain input is needed to accomplish a task. A process is carried out on the input to obtain the output.

Every task follows this Input-Process-Output cycle (IPO cycle in short). A computer is not an exception to this rule. A computer also follows the I-P-O cycle i.e., it needs certain input, carries out a process and produces the output.

Synonyms and Antonyms

Synonyms and Antonyms Letter A

Synonyms and Antonyms

We are going to learn Synonyms and Antonyms of letter A.

Abandon

Synonyms – Desert, Give up, Forsake, Bereave, leave, Quit, Relinquish; Abdicate; Surrender; Resign.

Antonyms – Continue; Persist; Cherish; Maintain; Retain; Uphold; Defend; assert; Favour; Adopt; Support.

Abandoned

Synonyms – Forsaken; Given up; Left; Deserted; Shunned; Repudiated; Relinquished; Vacated; Surrendered; Wicked; Immoral; Impure; Corrupt

Antonyms – Cherished; Maintained; Upheld; Favored; Defended; Chaste; Pure; Moral; Innocent.

Abattoir

Synonyms – Slaughterhouse, Altar.

Aberration

Synonyms – Straying; Distortion Deviation; Variation; Irregularity; Divergence; Insanity; Eccentricity; Wandering; Anomaly; Peculiarity.

Antonyms – Firmness; Rigidity; Regularity; Sanity; Sobriety; Rationality; Coolness.

Abeyance

Synonyms – Suspension; Inactivity; Inaction; Dormancy; Adjournment; Reservation; Expectancy.

Antonyms – Enforcement; Operation; Revival; Resuscitation; Action; Renewal; Exercise.

Abnegation

Synonyms – Sacrifice; Refusal; Self-denial; Renunciation; Abjuration; Denial; Surrender.

Antonyms – Indulgence; Profession; Excess; Luxury; Extravagance; Intemperance; Immoderation.

Abolish

Synonyms – End; put to an end; Remove; Eradicate; Do away with; Disestablish; Destroy; Annihilate; Demolish; Abrogate; Annul; Extinguish; Exterminate; Revoke.

Antonyms – Retain; Continue; Establish; Restore; Revive; Repair; Support; Sustain; Ratify; Enforce.

Abomination

Synonyms – Detestation; Hatred; Dislike; Disgust; Nuisance; Corruption; Evil; Horror; Shame; Aversion-Wickedness; Anathema.

Antonyms – Cleanliness; Purity; Beauty; Loveliness; Blessing; Happiness; Joy; Benefit; Affection.

Abort

Synonyms – Miscarry; End prematurely; Terminate; Halt; Check; Stop; Fell; Arrest; Go wrong.

Antonyms – Achieve; Get; Obtain; Accomplish; Complete; Finish; Conclude; Consummate; Realize; Effect; Acquire; Impregnate.

Abortive

Synonyms – Futile; Fruitless; Unsuccessful; Useless; Vain; Ineffective; Ineffectual; Unproductive; Inoperative; Worthless.

Antonyms – Fruitful; Successful; Useful; Effective; Effectual; Satisfactory; Productive; Operative.

Abrade

Synonyms – Rub; Erase; Abradere; Scrape off; Wear away; Erode; Obliterate; Scratch; Scrape; Wear Down.

Abridge

Synonyms – Shorten; Cut short; Curtail; Reduce; Diminish; Summarise; Abbreviate; Analyse; Abstract.

Antonyms – Enlarge; Extend; Increase; Expand; Add.

Abrogate

Synonyms – Abolish; Nullify; Annul; Cancel; Revoke; Repeal; Vacate; Void; Quash; Negate; Expunge; Countermand; Invalidate; Overrule.

Antonyms – Enact; Sanction; Pronounce; Ordain; Establish; Validate; Rule; Ratify; Sanction; Authorize; Decree.

Abruptly

Synonyms – Suddenly; Quickly; Hastily; shortly; Accidentally; Impetuously; Brusquely; Unexpectedly; Brokenly; Roughly; Unevenly; Disconnectedly.

Antonyms – Gradually; Regularly; Generally; Evenly; Continuously; Progressively; Slowly; Moderately.

Absorbed

Synonyms – Flee; Run away; Escape; Run off; Depart; Leave; Hide; Slip away; Bolt; Disappear; Decamp; Retreat; Withdraw.

Antonyms – Stay; Remain; Continue; Abide; Stop Endure; Stand Firm; Tarry.

Absorbed

Synonyms – Engaged; Engrossed; Assimilated; engulfed; Imbibed; Consumed; Merged.

Antonyms – Disgorged; Ejected; Exuded; Emitted; Dissipated; Dispersed; Spewed; Bleched.

Abstruse

Synonyms – Complex; Difficult; Profound; Recondite; Abstract; Subtle; Deep; Obscure; Mysterious; Esoteric.

Antonyms – Distinct; Clear; Evident; Lucid; Vivid’ Comprehensible; Knowable; Known; Manifest; Unequivocal; Unambiguous.

Absurd

Synonyms – Unreasonable; Foolish; Ridiculous; Stupid; Silly; Senseless; Nonsensical; Ludicrous; False Erroneous; Mistaken; Anomalous; Paradoxical.

Antonyms – Rational; Reasonable; Wise; Sound; True; Sensible; Infallible; Unquestionable; Certain.

Abundance

Synonyms – Foolishness; Nonsense; Foolery; Stupidity; Folly; Senselessness; Silliness; Idiocy; Ineptness; Simplicity; Short-sightedness.

Antonyms – Cautiousness; Prudence; Wisdom; Cunningness; Alertness; Aptness.

Abundant

Synonyms – Plentiful; Abounding; Ample; Copious; Full; Lavish; Flowing; Profuse; Opulent.

Antonyms – Scanty; Insufficient; Meagre; Little; Few; Scarce; Small; Tiny; Bare.

Accentuate

Synonyms – Emphasize; Stress; Acent; Affirm; Underline; Exaggerate; Mark; Highlight; Draw Attention to.

Accessary

Synonyms – Assistant; Partner; Co-partner; Helper; Accomplice; Henchman; Follower; Colleague; Associate; Participator.

Antonyms – Enemy; Foe; Opponent; Betrayer; Antagonist; Adversary; Rival; Opposer; Hinderer; Informer; Spy; Attacker.

Accessory

Synonyms – Addition; Adornment; Component; Extra; Supplement; Decoration; Attachment; Accompaniment; Appendage; Extention; Auxiliary; Ancillary.

Antonyms – Essential; Necessary; Requisite; Must; Rudiment; Vital pat; Fundamental.

Accolade

Synonyms – Award; Honour; Hugging; Embracement; Kiss; Laurels; Praise Prize. Conferment; Gift; Endowment.

The Prelude, MA in English

The Prelude

The Prelude may be classed somewhat loosely as an epic; it does not satisfy all the traditional qualifications of that genre. The epic is customarily defined as a long narrative poem which recounts heroic actions.

commonly legendary or historical, and usually of one principal hero (from whence it derives its unity). The Prelude take its unity from the fact that the central “hero” is its author

The poem is written blank  verse, unrhymed lines of iambic pentameter with certain permissible substitutions of trochees and anapests to relieve the monotony of the iambic foot and with total disregard for the stanza from.

In the middle of the eighteenth century, there was an eclipse of interest in the rhymed  heroic couplet. A revival of interest in Milton led to the establishment of Miltonic blank verse as the standard medium for lengthy philosophical or didactic poetical works.

The resulting form came to be called the “literary” epic as opposed to heroic and folk epic. To this type, Wordsworth, with his unconventional ideas of diction brought a natural and conversational tone.

9th Class English, The Snake and the Mirror

Thomas Shadwell

Thomas Shadwell was born at either Bromehill Farm, Weeting-with-Broomhill or Santon House, Lynford, Norfolk, and he was educated at Bury St Edmunds School, and at Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge, which he entered in 1656. He left the university without a degree.

Thomas Shadwell

He joined the Middle Temple. At the Whig triumph in 1688, he superseded John Dryden as poet laureate and historiographer royal. He died at Chelsea on 19 November 1692. He was buried in Chelsea Old Church, but his tomb was destroyed by wartime bombing; however a memorial to him survives in Poets’ Corner in Westminster Abbey.

Mac Flecknoe

Mac Flecknoe

It is about Mac Flecknoe When Dryden wrote the poem the political scene of England was dominated by two political parties: The Tories and the Whigs. The Whigs were led by the Earl of Shafts bury who in 1979 introduced the Exclusion Bill in the Parliament following the revelation of a Popish plot to kill Charles II and put James, the the Duke of York, on the throne and also to bring the French army into England.Mac Flecknoe

The object of the Bill was to press the claims of the Duke of Monmouth an illegitimate son of Charles, to the throne. The Bill was passed in the Common but defeated in the Lord’s.

The Country was on the verge of Civil War. The king arrested Shafts bury and banished the Duke of monmouth. But the Jury of Middle sex rejected the treason charges against Shafts bury and released him immediately. To Celebrate the success the Whigs struck a medal bearing the head and name of their hero.

Dryden published his satire. The Medal criticizing the Whigs. There were several replies from the Tories. Thomas Shadwell wrote The Medal of John Bayes Which was actually an indecent and unfair attack of Dryden’s personal life Mac Flecknoe was Dryden’s reply to Shadwell.

Dryen’s poem is a satire. It’s tone is mock heroic and the poet uses irony with telling effect. Richard Flecknoe is ready to vacate his title as the world’s worst poet. A worthy successor has to be chosen. The choice falls on Shadwell. He is to be crowned the king of the realm of dullness.

The venue for the coronation is in Barbican; a suburb notorious for its low and vulgar life. The Ceremony is performed with the usual rites now shown in a new, ludicrous light.

The Waste Land

The Waste Land

Eliot’s The Waste Land is I think the justification of the Movement of our modern experiment, since 1900. He wrote Ezra Pound shortly after the poem was published in 1922. T.S. Eliot’s poem describes a mood of deep disillusionment stemming both from the collective experience of the First World War. and from Eliot’s personal travails.

Born in St. Louis, Eliot had studied at Harvard, the Sorbonne, and Oxford before moving to London, where he completed his doctoral dissertation on the philosopher F. H. Bradley. Because of the war, he was unable to return to the United states to receive his degree.

He taught grammar school briefly and then took a job at Lloyd’s Bank, Where he worked for eight years. Unhappily married, he suffered writer’s block and then a breakdown soon after the war and wrote most of The Waste Land While recovering in a sanatorium in Lausanne, Switzerland, at the age of 33.

Eliot later described the poem as the relief of a personal and wholly insignificant grouse against life. Just a piece of rhythmical grumbling. Yet the poem seemed to his contemporaries to transcend Eliot’s personal situation and represent a general crisis in western culture.

One of its major themes is the barrenness of a post war world in which human sexuality has been perverted from its normal course and the natural world too has become infertile. Eliot went on to convert to a High Church form of Anglicanism, become a naturalized British subject, and turn to conservative politics.

The Waste Land was quickly recognized as a major statement of modernist poetics, both for its broad symbolic significance and for Eliot’s masterful use of formal techniques that earlier modernists had only begun to attempt. The critic I.A. Richards influentially praised Eliot for describing the shared post war “sense of desolation, of uncertainty, of futility, of the groundlessness of aspirations, of the vanity of endeavor.

and a thirst for a life-giving water which seems suddenly to have failed. Eliot later complained that approving critics like Richards said that I had expressed the disillusionment of a generation, Which is nonsense.

Matter In Our Surrounding | Class 9th Science

Hello Everyone, here I have covered Science Notes for Class 9th. The Chapter, I have covered here is Matter In Our Surrounding. here, you will have many question for practice at the end of the notes.

Topics covered in this notes, are very easy to understand. every points has clear definition with examples. what you learn here is best than learning from text books.

Once you have started learning from the notes, you will see some important section. each section define you the topic very good. Have a quick look at down to the topics, that you are going to learn.

  1. Chapter at a Glance
  2. Matter and Its Physical Nature of Particles
  3. Characteristics of Particles
  4. States of Matter
  5. Change of State of Matter
  6. By Changing the Temperature
  7. Effect of Change of Pressure
  8. Important Questions

Click Here For Complete Notes for Chapter 1

9th Class English, The Snake and the Mirror

The Snake and the Mirror

The Snake and the Mirror

“HAS a snake ever coiled itself round any part of your body? A full-blooded cobra?” All of us fell silent. The question came from the homeopath. The topic came up when we were discussing snakes. We listened attentively as the doctor continued with his tale. It was a hot summer night; about ten o’clock. I had my meal at the restaurant and returned to my room. I heard a noise from above as I opened the door. The sound was a familiar one. One could say that the rats and I shared the room. I took out my box of matches and lighted the kerosene lamp on the table.

Keynotes  Solution

Master of Commerce,mcom

Mcom-Master of Commerce

Eligibility:

Graduates in any discipline or equivalence from a recognised university are eligible for admission to the M.Com. Programme.

School of Management Studies, the biggest business school in Open Learning System in the world, has developed an innovative programme Master of Commerce (M.Com) with specialisation in International Business Operations. The main objective of this programme is to equip the students with necessary conceptual, entrepreneurial and analytical skills required for handling the Business Operation, particularly in International Business. The curriculum focusses on the applied aspects of Business Operations.

The salient features of this programme are as follows:

  • Focus on operational areas of Business Activities
  • Course designed and prepared by top-notch academia in the field of Commerce
  • Students centred multimedia learning materials
  • Strong students support services
  • Regular teleconferencing
  • Opportunity to interact with the leading experts through the teleconferencing

First Year

IBO-1 International Business Environment 6 IBO-2 International Marketing Management 6 IBO-3 India’s Foreign Trade 6 IBO-4 Export Import Procedures and Documentation 6 IBO-5 International Marketing Logistics 6 IBO-6 International Business Finance 6

Second Year

MCO-1 Organisation Theory and Behaviour 6 MCO-03 Research Methodology and Statistical Analysis 6 MCO-04 Business Environment 6 MCO-05 Accounting for Managerial Decisions 6 MCO-06 Marketing Management 6 MCO-07 Financial Management 6

#McomDegree #McomSubjects #MasterOfCommerce #McomCourseList #MasterOfCommerceJobs